The Bicolanos originated in Bicol Region in Southern Luzon. There are several Bikol languages of which there is a total of about 3.5 million speakers.[10] The most widespread Bikol language isCentral Bikol comprising Naga, Legazpi, Daet and Partido dialects (Virac is sometimes considered as a separate language). They are known for their cuisine heavily using chili peppers and coconut milk


The Romblomanon population is concentrated in the islands of Tablas and Sibuyan in the Romblon archipelago (MIMAROPA Region). Their language belongs to the Visayan group of languages and is 73% intelligible with Hiligaynon.


The Waray inhabit the islands of Samar and Biliran, and the eastern section of Leyte in the Eastern Visayas Region. The Waray language belongs to the Visayan language family and is related to Cebuano, Hiligaynon, and Masbateño.


Capiznon is derived from kapis, the name of the seashells that are primarily used as square panes for windows; the suffix “-non”, on the other hand, means “people”. They are also known as Capizeños or Capiceños. Moreover, they’re concentrated in Capiz, a province in the northeastern portion of Panay Island (Western Visayas region). An Austronesian language, Capiznon is part of the Visayan language family; it has its own intonation and vocabulary, which periodically includes Akeanon and Waray words.


The Visayans are an ethnic group native to the whole Visayas, to the southernmost islands of Luzonand to the northern and eastern parts of Mindanao. They are speakers of one or more Visayan languages, the most widely spoken being Cebuano, Hiligaynon and Waray-Waray.[22] Other groups speak smaller languages such as Capiznon, Kinaray-a, Aklanon, Masbateño, Romblomanon,Surigaonon and Butuanon. They comprise the largest ethnic group in the country, numbering at around 33 million as of 2010.


The Kagayanen are from the municipality of Cagayancillo, Palawan province. There are about 36,000 Kagayanen in the Philippines.


The Batak is a group of indigenous Filipino people that resides in the northeast portion of Palawan.

Other Ethnic Groups in Visayas

  • Agutaynon
  • Tagbanua
  • Dagayanen
  • Tao’t Bato
  • Palawanon
  • Molbog
  • Iraya
  • Mangyan – Hanunuo
  • Mangyan – Alangan
  • Mangyan – Buhid
  • Mangyan – Tadyawan
  • Mangyan – Batangan
  • Mangyan – Gubatnon
  • Mangyan – Ratagnon
  • Mangyan – Cuyunon, Ati, Sulod/Bukidnon
  • Magahat
  • Korolanos
  • Ata
  • Bukidnon, Escalaya
  • Badjao